The French banks are fighting hard to get their commercial and investment banking divisions growing again after years of setbacks, including deleveraging forced by the sudden stop of US dollar funding in 2011, the growing regulatory onslaught ever since and persistent weak growth in their home markets.
The US market remains central to these growth plans, despite tough new rules on foreign banks and the shock imposition in July on BNP Paribas of an $8.97 billion penalty, guilty plea and one-year suspension of US dollar clearing.
|The balance-sheet transformation is |
behind us. We are
now in growth mode
Société Générale (SG), unusually among the large universal banks, includes asset and wealth management inside its corporate and investment banking (CIB) unit, known as global banking and investor solutions.
The aggregate revenues of this division have at least been stable through the euro-area crisis years – partly thanks to a strong contribution from equity derivatives – coming in at €8.6 billion in each of 2011, 2012 and 2013.
Didier Valet, head of global banking and investor services, now outlines ambitions to increase this to €9.7 billion by 2016, with an 8% compound annual growth rate targeted for the large finance and advisory business to bring earnings up to €2.4 billion in 2016 and an even more ambitious 12% compound annual growth rate target for the smaller investor services business to bring earnings up to €1.3 billion.
“The balance-sheet transformation is behind us,” says Valet. “We are now in growth mode.”
What’s the secret sauce he thinks will allow the bank to achieve this remarkable rate of growth and draw investors’ attention away from the risk of deflation in the eurozone and the bank’s potential exposures in Russia?
“We will continue to grow where we are already strong, such as in equity derivatives, but also re-expand our footprint not just in Europe but also the US and Asia,” says Valet.
“In 2011, due to the crisis of access to US dollar funding, we had to sell certain assets. Now, being fully Basel III compliant, we can inject more capital and re-enter certain activities in structured finance and commercial banking. These activities just need more fuel."
He adds: "In acquisition finance, for example, we recently landed a large role for a German pharmaceutical company acquiring in the US which four years ago we may not have been able to do.”
Valet also mentions aircraft finance, shipping finance, real estate, trade finance, natural resources and infrastructure finance as sectors where the bank will strive to originate more commitments to sell on while also retaining a portion of these.
He says: “In the US we aim to up-tier ourselves within existing relationships, for example playing a larger role in the revolving credits which are so important to large corporates.
"I can think of large companies such as IT services providers where we are now partners in leasing finance, but where we can re-position at a higher level from which to pitch for FX hedging and cash management.”
Time will tell if the bank is pushing on an open door in the US, or whether that shop is closed. The bank is perhaps lucky it was not as big in long-dated fixed-income derivatives as some rivals and so had less to lose as FICC revenues retrenched.
The group stands at a 3.6% leverage ratio today and targets 4% in 2016, even with the increased underwriting and hold commitments it now declares itself eager to take on, as well as continuing constraints around the size of the repo book supporting its conventional markets business.
The most eye-catching growth targets attach to a surprise source. In May, SG’s deal with Crédit Agricole to take 100% control of their jointly developed futures broker, Newedge, didn’t attract much notice. But now, with the target annual growth rate for the bank’s global markets business set at a modest 1%, Newedge is central to the bank’s much bigger ambitions in investor services.
“There is growing convergence from pre-market coverage and through to post-trade services for investor clients, and Newedge sits right at that junction, being both in execution and also clearing,” says Valet.
“We expect a revolution in the capital markets and in particular in post-trade services as regulators continue pushing for more OTC instruments to become listed and cleared through central counterparties.”
He adds: “This is a secular trend and Newedge is the platform for us to embrace this and also grow prime services while enhancing our custody and funds administration businesses through SGSS [securities services].”
This promises to be the new battleground in commercial and investment banking.
At the end of September, Newedge was trumpeting the hire of Jamie Gavin to head institutional OTC clearing sales from Morgan Stanley, where he had run a staff of 60.
However, the prominence given to Newedge in SG’s growth plans hints at more than just the migration of OTC derivatives trading onto a futures model. It also highlights the likely growth of agency brokerage within markets businesses and the increasing emphasis on cheap execution, as well as on clearing and collateral management.
Over at the bigger BNP Paribas, a new head of CIB is wrestling with some of the same issues as Valet. Yann Gérardin, formerly head of global equities and commodity derivatives, will take on responsibility to deliver the bank’s strategic plan for 2014 to 2016, reporting to the former head of CIB, Alain Papiasse, who will now also represent group general management in North America, implementing the remediation plan after BNP Paribas’s record fine.
After the deleveraging of 2011 and 2012, the plan for CIB at BNP Paribas, similarly to that at SG, envisages closer cooperation and a sharing of operating platforms between capital markets, securities services and investment partners, as well as developing business with large corporations and investors in the US.
|Yann Gérardin, head of |
CIB, BNP Paribas
“This business had to be re-invented in the new market environment and this involved a strong element of change management. Now with CIB, while the short-term task is to deliver the 2014 to 2016 development plan, we also need to re-position to a model that will prove sustainable for the next five to 10 years – against a backdrop of continual transformation in the institutional markets.”
He continues: “Disintermediation is a key theme that we have to be ready for and we must find the best ways to continue to serve our clients. My markets background may help us better navigate that disintermediation – given the rate of change in the derivatives industry – but what is also crucial is navigating the change itself, and I am passionate about working collectively with our teams and individuals to reach our targets.
"So, in CIB, we must work to position ourselves in the value chain, which to some extent is also being considered by the whole industry.”
In the US, Gérardin will continue the efforts to expand the business which Papiasse has long advocated.
“Alain will support our adaption to the new regulatory framework in the US as it applies to foreign banks," he says. "From a CIB perspective, I see the US as a land of opportunity. Europe is not currently booming and demand for credit is weak, but this is in contrast to the US where we have room to expand our balance sheet.”