The international capital markets remain open to Latin American companies, according to bankers, but pricing expectations have shifted considerably in recent weeks, and activity in the coming months is likely to be subdued.
Changing market expectations about when the US Federal Reserve will begin tapering off its quantitative easing programme have caused investors to reassess and in many cases reprice Latin American equity and fixed income.
The last international deal to close was on June 11, a ¥24 billion ($253 million) Euroyen bond for Banco del Estado de Chile. As volatility began to affect dollar-denominated deals, Carlos Martabit, Banco Estados CFO, visited Tokyo to oversee the first-ever Chilean bond in the Japanese market. Joint lead managers Citi and Daiwa "achieved the lowest five-year yield from Latin America and well below even JBIC-guaranteed issuance for LatAm borrowers," says Chris Gilfond, managing director, co-head of Latin America credit markets at Citi.
There have been no international DCM transactions subsequent to Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernankes comments on June 19, which were widely interpreted as an indication that the Fed would begin to lower its current $85 billion bond-buying programme sooner than expected.
However, one DCM arranger believes it is erroneous to characterize the markets as being closed to Latin American issuers: "If you had a high-grade issuer that was willing to pay a pretty hefty large new-issue premium and it was a credit that investors liked I think the deal would go fine. But if the issuers expectations were that they could come out with a deal like we saw a couple of months ago a very small new-issue concession, tight pricing and a big book then I think that, in this market, it would be difficult."
However, there seems little likelihood that such an issuer will be compelled to come to market to test this hypothesis. The benign DCM conditions available to Latin American issuers in recent years mean that there are very few good credits on the sidelines with funding needs. "We have been saying [to issuers] for the past couple of years that the market was at a record low, so lets go [to market]," says a New York-based DCM banker. "Then we go back and say its another record, lets go again. And many pre-funded through 2013 and even 2014. Companies have the liquidity to sit and wait out [the current volatility]. Plus everyone is reassessing global growth. Things appear to be cooling down for emerging markets generally and more specifically for Brazil and so the amount of cash required is smaller."
The changing appetite for Latin American credit is shown by data from EPFR. Emerging market-dedicated bond funds lost $2.64 billion in outflows during the week that ended June 19. Outflows from emerging market bond funds were the highest since late in the third quarter of 2011, and emerging market corporate bond funds posted consecutive weekly outflows for the first time since the second quarter of 2012. However, while emerging market bond funds still have year-to-date net inflows of $22 billion, Latin American equity funds have a net loss year-to-date of $3.71 billion.
Some Latin American equity transactions continue, despite the volatility, with follow-ons expected from Mexican companies Grupo Financiero Inbursa, Corporación Inmobiliaria Vesta and Grupo Aeroportuario del Centro Norte as Euromoney went to press. Bankers on the deals are confident that they can close the follow-ons, as investors are keen to buy into the Mexican growth story, and the falls in the companies stock prices before the transactions make valuations appealing despite the turbulent conditions. That combination worked for OHL Mexico, which priced a Ps6.99 billion ($524 million) follow-on at Ps29 a share, a slight discount to the previous days closing price of Ps29.84, but equivalent to a 13.5% reduction from the companys June stock price.
Mexican company Hoteles City just managed to close the regions last IPO, closing at the bottom of its range on June 13. The deal was small, at $231 million-equivalent.
The other IPO in the market at that time the proposed $3.7 billion issuance from Brazilian company Votorantim Cimentos was pulled on June 18. Bankers on the deal, which was led by BTG Pactual, Credit Suisse, Itaú BBA, JPMorgan and Morgan Stanley, cited poor market conditions. However, although the markets were certainly far from conducive, one Brazilian-based asset manager questioned the reason for the deal being pulled.
Too much value
"The range price was R$16 to R$19. I think that the market was expecting R$15 and some had been expecting less than this," he says. "The valuation was too aggressive and investors werent going to match it. I would have been surprised if the company accepted a big cut [to meet investors expectations], and it would be a bad signal if they had. They had the cover of the bad market, but in my view the valuation was the key reason this didnt get done."
Some Chilean companies have also joined the pipeline for follow-ons, but hopes of IPOs or any equity transactions from Brazilian companies remain slim as does the outlook for international DCM transactions.
"Unless we get some pretty bad news on the US economy soon that changes the equation regarding the Feds approach to QE, I think we are going to have a hiatus at least until after the [US] summer," says a DCM banker.