Turkey treads water

Antonia Oprita
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Over-reliant on foreign investment to balance its books, Turkey is facing an investor retreat in the face of political instability. The long-term solution is a big expansion of domestic investment of untapped savings, but the instability is slowing this too.

Turkey’s worst-ever mining disaster, which last month killed over 300 people trapped underground by an explosion, has shaken more than the community in the western city of Soma where it happened. 

Followed by street protests in large cities, it has served as a stark reminder that the government, generally praised for its stellar performance over the past decade, still has a lot of work to do to put the country on a solid development path. 

Faced first with local elections in March, then with a presidential vote in August and, next year, with parliamentary polls, prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become more and more populist, to the rising concern of foreign investors.

It started a year ago with the brutal crackdown on protesters in Istanbul’s Gezi Park, in which five people were killed and around 8,000 injured. Then, following a corruption investigation into members of...