Currency wars: special focus
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Currency wars: special focus

Call it what you will – currency war, competitive devaluation, currency manipulation, currency intervention – but central banks are knee-deep in the trenches as they battle to lower their exchange rates and boost their economies.

A post-Lehman global currency war has kicked off since 2010 and has intensified this year.

Competitive devaluation, as it is also known, involves central banks – today most prominently the Bank of Japan (yen/JPY), People's Bank of China (renminbi/RMB), Central bank of Brazil (real/BRL) and Swiss National Bank (Swiss franc/SFr) – battling it out to boost exports or bring down exchange rates to perceived fundamental value. But, with huge monetary stimulus in Europe, Japan and the US - countries that face weak domestic demand - global trade tensions have emerged at the forefront of the policymakers' concern from Washington to São Paulo.

Policy tools used for currency manipulation or intervention include direct government intervention, the imposition of capital controls and, indirectly, quantitative easing.

Recent Euromoney currency war coverage

Trump’s tax holiday proposal likely to see dollar surge, says Nomura

February 2017

US flag dollar-600

"[It is clear] Trump is interested in talking the dollar down as part of a plan to reshore manufacturing, and for that he will need to have currency wars."

FX: China ponders implications for renminbi of Trump victory

November 2016

Trump China monkey-R-600
If the US did open hostilities in a currency war with China, it might fear its own economic casualties.

Don’t believe the currency-war hype on Japan 

May 2016

Japan could realize its goal of a weaker yen without the need for FX intervention, say analysts.

TPP add-on aims to address Congress concerns over FX manipulation

November 2015

Hillary Clinton-R-600

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) has been criticised in the US for ignoring the question of currency manipulation. The US Treasury hoped it could appease those concerns with a joint declaration by the countries involved, pledging to avoid such practices – but critics look far from convinced.

Stronger RMB, stronger China

March 2015

As global currency wars intensify, calls grow louder for China to weaken the renminbi to jump-start its sputtering export machine. 

Inside investment: Hobbesian option

December 2014

A war of all against all in currency markets will not be pretty. For some countries it may also be too little, too late. The International Monetary Fund has failed in its role as the arbiter of currency values.

Dollar, as reserve currency, is a virtue, not a trap: a response to Eswar Prasad

January 2014

Forget the doom over currency wars – the dollar-led monetary system boosts global stability, while China’s fixed exchange-rate regime poses risks, argues the IIF’s Charles Collyns, a former US Treasury official, as debate rages over the role of the dollar in the emerging world, in particular.

Deflation fears to renew currency wars as ECB poised for QE, say analysts

January 2014

With global economic growth still stuttering, currency depreciation has become a zero-sum game for central banks, and recent developments in some key currencies have shown that fears of an inflation undershoot or outright deflation will remain an important driver for their currency policies.Australia steps up the currency-war rhetoricDecember 2013 

Australia has stepped up its assault on a perceived overvaluation of its currency, but might well have inadvertently set up a soft floor in its currency.

Czech koruna among the most vulnerable to a dollar rebound  

November 2013

Intervention threat for Australian dollar

October 2013

China sows seeds for next global downturn  

September 2013

Dark clouds hover over emerging markets as US Federal Reserve spoils rates party

June 2013

Inside investment: Central banks, credit bubbles – where it stops, nobody knowsMay 2013

Yen weakness only halfway through  

April 2013

Ukraine: hostage to Cypriot fortune

March 2013

Sterling vulnerable to fresh slide; caution required over currency war rebootMarch 2013

Banks and hedge funds hope to profit from currency warsMarch 2013

Bird's-eye view of emerging markets in the global currency warsFebruary 2013

Italian election slams FX market back into crisis mode; currency wars take a back seatFebruary 2013

Yen slide built on hot air, but Japan’s reflation could have “once in a generation” impactFebruary 2013 

EM policymakers to sit out the currency war as EM FX correlation hits decade lowFebruary 2013

Sterling: turning JapaneseFebruary 2013

Shut up about currency wars alreadyFebruary 2013

Yen exchange-rate misalignments overstated; renminbi a better focus of currency hostilitiesFebruary 2013

G7 memo to Japan: don’t mention the currency warFebruary 2013

Mario Draghi: the grand old Duke of FrankfurtFebruary 2013

Further yen weakness needs action, not wordsFebruary 2013 

Further euro strength could prompt ECB rate cutFebruary 2013

The joy of forex – introducing the currency sutraFebruary 2013

Sterling safe from currency war

January 2013

Europhoria takes single currency to new heightsJanuary 2013 

Currency wars: a handy guideJanuary 2013

Currency wars – expect words not actionJanuary 2013

Do not expect the eurozone to wage currency warJanuary 2013

Lost in translation: yen weakness enters new phaseJanuary 2013

China hard landing could still blow up world - Société Générale

January 2013

Don't bet against the return of FX volatility in 2013January 2013

Swiss National Bank notches up a victory, but Swiss currency war continuesJanuary 2013

Foreign exchange: Toxic macro/monetary mix spells danger for euro

January 2013

Don't bet against the return of FX volatility in 2013January 2013

ESM bond purchase is no back door yen intervention  

January 2013

The renminbi and cross-border trade: sightings of BigfootJanuary 2013

Currency managers go exotic in search of profits

January 2013

Brazil economy: is the party over?January 2013

Beyond inflation – Brazilian style

January 2013

Special focus: The future of the RMBJanuary 2013

Outlook: Cautious optimism prevails in harsh macro-risk environmentJanuary 2013

Against the tide: A year of economic porridge

December 2012

Four things that could upset the consensus in 2013December 2012

Bearish take on the besieged Bank of JapanDecember 2012

UBS warns on euro-swiss franc floorNovember 2012

Buying dollar-yen: This time it could be different

November 2012

Be smart to find returns in foreign exchangeNovember 2012

HKD intervention: it could get uglyOctober 2012

Fed defends quantitative easing amid ‘currency war’ falloutOctober 2012

Phoney currency wars – this time it's different

October 2012 

Japanese stimulus – a likely dud

October 2012 

Australia not the new Switzerland; RBA FX intervention impotentOctober 2012

Switzerland hopes for a happy anniversary; talk of a rise in EURCHF floorSeptember 2012

Monetary suicide and the emerging markets-shaped noose

August 2012

What unites gun-toting Texans and Beijing in their sympathy towards a gold standardAugust 2012 

Brazil policy U-turn materially improves BRL outlook; currency war truce calledJune 2012

Mantega talks of war as Dutch disease diagnosed

April 2012

Mantega needs to move war to home soil

April 2012 

Central banks bring tail risk challenge to FX marketsApril 2012

The currency ceasefire

January 2012

US ‘uses China as scapegoat’ with currency billOctober 2011

Out of options: Even unprecedented central bank intervention can’t save the global economy now

September 2011

FX derivatives fight history and a currency war

September 2011

Volumes and volatility benefit in currency warsNovember 2010

Fighting weapons of mass liquidity

November 2010

Brazil raises tax to stem inflows

November 2010

Central banks: Switzerland ups the ante

April 2009

Devaluation: Ready, steady, devalue

March 2009

Competitive devaluations: SNB intervenes

March 2009

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