Oligarchs still in the driving seat
Russia has done little to reform a banking sector that is still littered with hundreds of thinly capitalized and barely functioning institutions. But there are some signs of improvement. A stronger economy has made it more attractive for the larger commercial banks to start lending to Russian companies. It’s a new game for them.
The Russian banking sector has begun to recover, no thanks to the government. With the economy continuing to grow strongly there is more money about and confidence is slowly returning. President Vladimir Putin may not have completed much in the way of banking sector reform but he has delivered on stability. With more money in the economy, and production and sales growing strongly, the leading commercial banks have been capitalizing on their head start and are pulling ahead of the field. By the start of this year the total assets and capital of Russia's banks had recovered to 80% and 67% of pre-crisis levels respectively, with the top 300-odd banks doubling their capital over the same period.
Before the 1998 crisis, banking was almost exclusively speculative; from betting against inflation, the banks moved on to handling the government's money and then sovereign
T-bills, the GKOs. Following the crisis all these scams came to an abrupt end and banks were left to play the only game in town: lending to the real economy.
A rise in lending
There is a working payment system, but banks are still not playing their traditional role of financial intermediary.