Central America: A region finds its feet
Central America has come a long way in a short time. It has developed a surprising degree of political stability, a consensus in favour of economic liberalization and a real thirst for economic progress. Jennifer Tierney reports on a region that is growing in confidence and that may soon become a coherent and outward-looking trade block
After tumultuous decades of war, economic stagnation and isolation, Central America is at last standing on fairly stable ground with its eyes on wider horizons. In a relatively short period of time, the region has put an end to a number of debilitating civil wars, achieved steady economic growth and laid the groundwork for foreign investment.
In response to these efforts, several countries in the region were assigned investment-grade ratings for the first time last year. Standard & Poor's rated Costa Rica BBB-, while Moody's gave El Salvador Baa3 and Panama Baa1. The region's two poorest nations, Honduras and Nicaragua, are also making slow progress on restructuring their economies as they privatize and streamline bloated state bureaucracies under IMF pressure.
When Panama tested the international waters with the region's inaugural Eurobond last February, international investors gave a broad welcome. Led by Bank Boston, the five-year issue was to have been for $250 million but was increased to $500 million as a result of the high demand. Guatemala followed in August with a 10-year $150 million Eurobond also led by Bank Boston which was oversubscribed by $300 million. Panama returned to the market in September with a 30-year deal for $700 million which retired $713 million worth of Brady bonds.